Knee Osteoarthritis is a degenerative condition where the articular cartilage of your knee gradually wears away, exposing the underlying bone. As this arthritis progresses, bony spurs develop in and around your knee joint in response to the change in load distribution and biomechanics.
Within your knee there are two joints which can be affected by knee arthritis: the tibiofemoral joint – the joint between your thigh bone (femur) and your lower leg (tibia) and the patellofemoral joint (the joint between the kneecap and the femur itself).
Symptoms of osteoarthritis in the knee can vary in different people. The main in symptoms for individuals include:
Knee arthritis can be diagnosed by clinical examination by your doctor/physiotherapist, your symptoms and also your history. Additionally, an X-ray can be used to confirm the diagnosis, as well as establish the location and severity of your osteoarthritis.
As Knee Arthritis is a degenerative condition, physiotherapy treatment is aimed at improving the symptoms of the disease (i.e. knee pain, swelling, stiffness).
Additionally, a knee brace may be recommended to support the knee and help to de-load certain structures.
In extreme cases, surgery may be required to address the degeneration in the knee. The most common forms of surgery for this condition are arthroscopic, partial or total knee replacement.